2009-10最新HRV臨床論文摘要 

利用指端光學感應器測得之脈波進行HRV分析研究顯示抽菸者交感上升副交感撤退

利用指端光學感應器測得之脈波進行HRV分析研究顯示抽菸者交感上升副交感撤退
Analysis of pulse rate variability derived from photoplethysmography with the combination of lagged Poincaré plots and spectral characteristics.
Med Eng Phys. 2009; 31(7):866-71 (ISSN: 1873-4030)
Shi P; Zhu Y; Allen J; Hu S
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

A combination of lagged Poincaré plots and spectral characteristics were used to investigate the effect of cigarette smoking on the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Heart rate variability (HRV) was determined from pulse-to-pulse intervals (PPI) of ear photoplethysmography (PPG) waveforms. Spectral power analysis of the pulse rate variability (PRV) was performed to determine low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF) components, and a lagged Poincaré plot was introduced to evaluate the nonlinear characteristics of PRV. The correlations between lagged Poincaré plot and spectral power indices were studied in a group of apparently healthy habitual cigarette smokers and compared to non-smokers. The width (SD1m) and the length (SD2m) of lagged Poincaré plots significantly shrunk in the smokers for all lags (p<0.05) except SD1(4) and SD1(5). The results of this pilot study indicated that habitual smoking is associated with parasympathetic withdrawal and augments sympathetic nerve activity. The results also demonstrated that the combination of lagged Poincaré plots and spectral characteristics could show promise as a method for distinguishing between different cardiovascular disease groups.