2009-09最新HRV臨床論文摘要 

激烈運動後身體啟動副交感以恢復至常態

激烈運動後身體啟動副交感以恢復至常態,其過程可藉由心跳恢復速率及HRV之HF(高頻;副交感活性指標)追蹤;研究顯示身體姿勢也會影響恢復速度,而且平躺(腳抬高)比坐姿或站姿更佳
Effect of body posture on postexercise parasympathetic reactivation in men.
Exp Physiol. 2009; 94(7):795-804 (ISSN: 1469-445X)
Buchheit M; Al Haddad H; Laursen PB; Ahmaidi S
Research Laboratory, EA 3300 Laboratory of Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Picardie, Jules Verne, F-80025, Amiens, France. martin.buchheit@u-picardie.fr

The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of body posture on post-submaximal exercise parasympathetic reactivation and to examine whether this influence was preserved under a heightened sympathetic background. On four occasions, eleven moderately trained subjects (22.1 +/- 3.0 years old) performed, in random order, two consecutive submaximal running bouts (CTs), each followed by 5 min passive recovery in an upright (Up), sitting (Sit), supine (Sup) or supine with legs up position (SupLu). Between both CTs, participants performed 150 s of supramaximal intermittent running (SI). Parasympathetic reactivation was assessed from heart rate recovery (HRR) and variability (HRV; e.g. rMSSD(30 s)) indices calculated during the 5 min recovery periods [i.e. before (N) and after SI (post-SI)]. In the N condition, Sup position was associated with a faster and greater increase in rMSSD(30 s) than Sit and SupLu (both P < 0.01), which were all higher compared with Up (P < 0.001). A 'time' effect was shown in Sit, Sup and SupLu (all P < 0.05), but not in Up (P = 0.99). All N values were higher than post-SI values (P < 0.001), except for Up, where a trend was apparent (P = 0.06). In the post-SI condition, a position effect was preserved for HRR (P < 0.001), but not for HRV indices (P = 0.99 for rMSSD(30 s)). In conclusion, the supine position accelerated and increased parasympathetic reactivation more than the other three positions, but the posture effect was less evident following supramaximal exercise. In the context of an accentuated sympathetic background (i.e. post-SI), postexercise HRV indices are less gravity dependent than HRR, reflecting more the exercise-related changes in parasympathetic activity.